Battles In Western Theater Of American Civil War

In this article, we are going to discuss about the battles in Western Theatre of American civil war. However, before doing so, it is important to clearly mention here what does the Western Theater mean? Well, it was an area where Western theater Civil War battles took place. This area was defined on the basis of both geography and the order of campaigning. Originally, the American civil war in Western Theater took place in the area which was in the east of the river Mississippi and west of the mountain range, known as Appalachian Mountains. It didn’t include operations which were taken against the Gulf Coast and the Eastern Seaboard, however, as the civil war battle in Western Theatre went ahead and Union armies marched southeast from Chattanooga, Tennessee, in 1864 and 1865, the definition of the Western theater stretched out to include their operations in the states of Georgia and the Carolinas.

The battles in Western Theatre were considered to be strategic because this area by some measures was the most significant theater of the American civil war. The Confederacy was enforced to guard with partial resources a large area of land, which was subject to Union thrusts along various avenues of approach, including major rivers which flew to the agricultural heartland of the South. During the battles in Western Theatre, the event when the capture of the river Mississippi River took place was one of the key codes of belief of Union General Winfield Scott's Anaconda Plan.

Just to mention here that the Eastern Theater in the American civil war received considerably more interest than the Western, both at the time and in historical accounts. This is related to the proximity of the opposing capitals, the attention given by major newspapers in the big cities of the East, and the fame of Eastern generals like Robert E. Lee, George B. McClellan, and Stonewall Jackson due to all these reasons, the progress that Union forces achieved in defeating Confederate armies in the West and overtaking Confederate territory went almost unobserved.

In the words of J. F. C. Fuller, who was a military historian, this was described as a great turning movement, a left wheel which originated in Kentucky, and then went towards south down the river Mississippi and then gradually to east passing through the states of Tennessee, Georgia, and the Carolinas. During battles in Western Theater, however with exception of the Battle of Chickamauga and some brave raids by cavalry or guerrilla forces, a period of four years in the West Theater manifest a series of almost continuous defeats for the Confederates or in other words, the  tactical draws gradually transformed into strategic reversals.