Battles In Eastern Theater Of American Civil War
The battles in Eastern Theatre comprises of all the battles which took place in the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, the District of Columbia, and the coastal fortifications and seaports of North Carolina. An important point to mention here is that American civil war in Eastern Theater does not include the operations which were taken in the interior parts of the Carolinas state in 1865 as a part of Eastern theater Civil War battles because, some area of the Carolinas state was considered as a part of the Western Theater.
The Civil war battle in Eastern Theatre included the operations which are generally most popular in the history of the American Civil war and the main reason behind great popularity was not related to their strategic importance, however for their immediacy to the hugely populated centers, the major newspapers, and the capital cities of the opposing parties.
Among the bloodiest battle of Eastern theater Civil War battles at Gettysburg and the bloodiest battle to be fought in a single day in a war were both fought in the Eastern Theater. Also, during the civil war battle in Eastern Theatre, the capital cities of both Washington, D.C., as well as Richmond were both attacked or beleaguered. It is a point of argument that although the Western Theater strategically held more importance in defeating the Confederacy, however it is unimaginable that the civilian populations of both sides could have considered the war to be at an end without the resolution of Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse in 1865.
The battles in Eastern Theatre took place in an area which was naturally bounded by mountains form one side and ocean on the other. Because Eastern Theatre is surrounded by the Appalachian Mountains from one side and there is Atlantic Ocean around it. By far, maximum number of battles in Eastern Theatre took place in the 100 miles between the cities of Washington and Richmond. The natural train proved to be favorable to the Confederate defenders because there were a series of rivers which ran primarily west to east, acting as obstacles rather than avenues of approach and lines of communication for the Union. This was quite diverse as compared with the early years of the Western theater, and because of the reasons that Union Army was largely dependent on the prehistoric road system of the era for its primary transportation, this fact acted as a big obstacle and limited winter campaigning for both sides. The advantage on the Union side during Eastern Theater Civil War battles was control of the sea and major rivers, which would allow an army that stayed close to the ocean to be toughened and abounding.